Red-rumped Swallow, Roodstuitzwaluw, Rötelschwalbe, Andorinha-dáurica, Golondrina Dáurica
The Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It breeds in open hilly country of temperate southern Europe and Asia from Portugal and Spain to Japan, India and tropical Africa. The Indian and African birds are resident, but European and other Asian birds are migratory. They winter in Africa or India and are vagrants to Christmas Island and northern Australia.
Red-rumped Swallows are somewhat similar in habits and appearance to the other aerial insectivores, such as the related swallows and the unrelated swifts (order Apodiformes). They have blue upperparts and dusky underparts.
They resemble Barn Swallows, but are darker below and have pale or reddish rumps, face and neck collar. They lack a breast band, but have black undertails. They are fast fliers and they swoop on insects while airborne. They have broad but pointed wings.
Red-rumped Swallows build quarter-sphere nests with a tunnel entrance lined with mud collected in their beaks, and lay 3 to 6 eggs. They normally nest under cliff overhangs in their mountain homes, but will readily adapt to buildings such as mosques and bridges.
They do not normally form large breeding colonies, but are gregarious outside the breeding season. Many hundreds can be seen at a time on the plains of India.
The Red-rumped Swallow breeds across southern Europe and Asia east to southern Siberia and Japan, These populations, along with Moroccan birds, are migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa or south Asia. There are resident races in Africa in a broad belt from West Africa east to Ethiopia and then south to Tanzania, and most Indian and Sri Lanka breeders are also year-round residents. The African and Asian subspecies may undertake local seasonal movements. This species is a regular vagrant outside its breeding range.
Catalan: Oreneta cua-rogenca
Czech: Vlaštovka skalní
Danish: Rødrygget Svale
English: Lesser Striated Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow (Red-rumped)
Spanish: Golondrina Dáurica
French: Hirondelle rousseline
Hungarian: Vörhenyes fecske
Indonesian: Layang-layang besar
Italian: Rondine rossiccia
Japanese: koshiakatsubame, Koshiaka-tsubame
Latin: Cecropis daurica, Cecropis daurica
Polish: dymówka zwyczajna
Travel Birdwatching Holiday Alentejo, Vacation Portugal for birders to see birds on your trip.