Great Cormorant

Great Cormorant, Aalscholver, Kormoran, Corvo-marinho-de-faces-brancas, Cormorán Grande

Spotted in the Alentejo region of Portugal.                       Great Cormorant sound 

The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), known as the Great Black Cormorant across the Northern Hemisphere, the Black Cormorant in Australia and the Black Shag further south in New Zealand, is a widespread member of the cormorant family of seabirds. It breeds in much of the Old World and the Atlantic coast of North America.

Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP3
Great Cormorant

More photos at the bottom of this page:

The Great Cormorant is a large black bird, but there is a wide variation in size in the species wide range. Weight is reported from 1.5 kg (3.3 lbs)[1] to 5.3 kg (11.7 lbs)[2], with a typical range from 2.6 to 3.7 kg (5.7-8.2 lbs).[3]. Length can vary from 70 to 102 cm (28–40 in) and wingspan from 121 to 160 cm (48–63 in). It has a longish tail and yellow throat-patch. Adults have white thigh patches in the breeding season. In European waters it can be distinguished from the Common Shag by its larger size, heavier build, thicker bill, lack of a crest and plumage without any green tinge.

This is a very common and widespread bird species. It feeds on the sea, in estuaries, and on freshwater lakes and rivers. Northern birds migrate south and winter along any coast that is well-supplied with fish.

The type subspecies, P. c. carbo, is found mainly in Atlantic waters and nearby inland areas: on western European coasts and south to North Africa, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland; and on the eastern seaboard of North America, though in America it breeds only in the north of its range, in the Canadian maritime provinces.
The subspecies found in Australasian waters, P. carbo novaehollandiae, has a crest. In New Zealand it is known as the Black Shag or by its M?ori name; Kawau

The Great Cormorant breeds mainly on coasts, nesting on cliffs or in trees (which are eventually killed by the droppings), but also increasingly inland. 3-4 eggs are laid in a nest of seaweed or twigs.

The Great Cormorant can dive to considerable depths, but often feeds in shallow water. It frequently brings prey to the surface. A wide variety of fish are taken: cormorants are often noticed eating eels, but this may reflect the considerable time taken to subdue an eel and position it for swallowing, rather than any dominance of eels in the diet. In British waters, dive times of 20–30 seconds are common, with a recovery time on the surface around a third of the dive time.

The Great Cormorant is one of the few birds which can move its eyes, which assists in hunting.

Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP2
Great Cormorant
Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP2
Great Cormorant
Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP2 Portugal
Great Cormorant
Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP3
Great Cormorant
Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP3
Great Cormorant
Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP3
Great Cormorant
Great Cormorant Bird Hide BSP3 Portugal
Great Cormorant

 Other synonyms:

Afrikaans: Witborsduiker
Asturian: Pucagón
Azerbaijani: Böyük qarabatdaq, Qarabatdaq
Breton: Ar vorvran bras, Morvaout, Morvran
Catalan: Corb marí gros, Corba marina grossa
Catalan (Balears): Corb marí gros
Valencian: Corba marina grossa
Czech: Kormorán velký
Welsh: Bilidowcar, Llanciau Llandudno, Morfran, Mulfran, Wil wal waliog
Danish: Skarv
German: Kormoran, Kormoran-carbo
English: Common Cormorant, Cormorant, Great cormorant, North Atlantic Great Cormorant
Esperanto: Granda kormorano
Spanish: Cormoran Grande, Cormorán grande
Estonian: karbas, Kormoran, kormoran (karbas)
Basque: Corb marí gros, Ubarroi handi
Finnish: Merimetso
Faroese: Hiplingur
French: Grand Cormoran
Frisian: Ielguos
Irish: Amplóir, Broigheall
Gaelic: Sgarbh
Galician: Corb marí gros, Corvo mariño grande
Manx: Arragh Vooar, Fannag Varrey, Feeagh Varrey, Scarroo, Shag
Croatian: Veliki Vranac
Hungarian: Kárókatona
Indonesian: Pecukpadi Besar
Icelandic: Dílaskarfur
Italian: Cormorano, Marangone
Japanese: kawau, Kawa-u
Greenlandic: Oqaatsoq
Cornish: Morvran
Latin: Phalacrocorax carbo, Phalacrocorax carbo carbo
Lithuanian: Didysis kormoranas
Maori: kawau
Malay: Dendang Air
Maltese: Margun
Dutch: Aalscholver
Norwegian: Kvitlåring, Storskarv
Polish: kormoran, kormoran (zwyczajny), Kormoran czarny, Kormoran zwyczajny
Portuguese: corvo marinho faces brancas, Corvo-marinho-de-faces-brancas, Corvo-marinho-faces-brancas
Romansh: cormoran, Cormoran grond
Scots: Sgarbh
Northern Sami: Skárfa
Slovenian: veliki kormoran
Albanian: Karabullaku i detit
Swedish: Storskarv
Turkish: Karabatak 

 

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